Hahnemann in his initial literature works mentioned about centesimal scale and prescribed this centesimal scale medicines but he could not find results as he saw a relapse in the cases and the chronic cases showed very slow improvement. In the 5th edition of Organon of Medicine Dr Hahnemann introduced olfaction and oral medicinal solution. This change from dry static pellet dose to a dynamic medicinal solution succussed prior for administration had a great impact on the posology. Hahnemann also thought that single dose was not enough for the chronic cases that slowly improve over a period of weeks to months and for such cases he suggests to prescribe medicinal solution or olfaction at suitable intervals to speed the cure.
After this for almost 10years Hahnemann worked exclusively on medicinal solution for oral administration. And after so much of research he found a new method of potentization which he named it as divisional infinitesemales. And Hahnemann mentioned about this method in 6th edition of Organon of Medicine. After his death Jost Kunzli (1915 – 1992), named this medicine in Latin as Q potency, quinquagintamilia which means 50,000 and after him Rudolf Flury (1903 – 1977) named it as LM [ L= 50, M=1000 in Roman].
There is actually the same proportion between the followers of L.M. potency and its opponents. Exhausted by the severe homoeopathic aggravations produced by the low potency (decimal); Dr Hahnemann introduced LM potency in the 6th edition of Organon of medicine. And today in 21stcentury, despite of its esteem importance, there are very few homoeopathic physicians who use LM potency. I don’t know why it is so, however I could see the only possible reason behind this might be a question .and that is “how small doses of such much attenuated medicines, as homoeopathy employs still possess greater power?” Once a beginner in homoeopathy asked me the same question ignorantly.
How can they have the requisite power; they doubt. But rather their question seems to be of itself very foolish, because as the experiences shows, they are actually seen to act more powerfully, than any other potency. Even the antagonists can no longer deny the effect that lies before their eyes, they seek false analogies, to represent what is actually occurring, if not as impossible, at least ridiculous.
They say if we put a drop of homoeopathic medicine in a lake, then the water of that lake ,into which that drop of homoeopathic medicine has fallen, must display curative power in every drop of water of that lake, indeed can have even more medicinal power, as in homoeopathic attenuations a much greater proportion of attenuating fluid is used.
But that’s not exactly so. The actual thing is that in homoeopathic medicinal attenuations, a small portion is not simply added to enormous amount of non medicinal fluid, or only slightly mingled with it, but, it is done in a series of process-i.e. by the SUCCUSSION and TRITURATION; which along with increasing the medicinal powers also ensures a union and equal distribution of medicine and attenuating fluid.
“The most recent observations have shown that medicinal substances, when taken in their crude state by the experimenter for the purpose of testing their peculiar effects, do not exhibit nearly the full amount of powers that lie hidden in them which they do when they are taken for the same object in high dilutions potentised by proper trituration and succussion, by which simple operations the powers which in their crude state lay hidden, and, as it were, dormant, are developed and roused into activity to an incredible extent…….”
(PARAGHAPH 128,ORGANON OF MEDICINE,6TH EDITION.)
This trituration and succussion not only ensures the most intimate mixture, but at the same time- and this is the most important circumstance- there ensures such a great , and hitherto unknown and undreamt of change, by the development and liberation of the dynamic powers of the medicinal substance so treated , so as to animate amazement.
In their thoughtless comparison, by dropping of one drop of homoeopathic medicine in a lake, there can be no question of even its superficial admixture with all parts of a body of water of such extent, so that every drop of medicine is equally distributed to all parts of lake water.
Even if we say we put a drop of homoeopathic medicine into a small water tank, it could never be equally mixed with all parts of a body of water of such extent (after any length of time or stirring about), as in homoeopathic trituration & succussions. Also if the drop of medicine is a vegetable tincture, the constant internal changes and uninterrupted chemical decomposition of the components parts of water would have annihilated and destroyed the medicinal power.
In the similar manner, a grain of medicine cannot be mixed with a 100 weight of flour, taken as one whole mass , can never be mixed with any mechanical contrivance such that each grain of flour shall obtain an equal proportion of medicinal power.
In homoeopathy, our pharmaceutical operations are done on the contrary; as only a small quantity of the attenuating fluid is taken at a time( a drop of medicinal tincture shaken up along with 100 drops of alcohol¸ which ensures a union and equal distribution in a couple of seconds.
But the mode of attenuating practised in homoeopathy effects not only an equal distribution of the medicinal drop throughout a great proportional quantity of unmedicinal fluid , but it also happens- and this is of infinitely greater importance- that by the SUCCUSSION and TRITURATION employed, a change is effected in the mixture, which is so incredibly great and so inconceivably curative, that this development of the spiritual power of medicines to such a height by means of the multiplied and continued trituration and succussionof a small portion of medicinal substance with ever more and more dry or fluid unmedicinal substances, deserve to be counted undeniably among the greatest discoveries of this age.
The physical changes and development of power that may be produced by trituration from substances in nature, which we call matter, have hitherto only been surmised from some circumstances-but the extraordinary effects in the way of developing and exciting the dynamic forces of medicines it can produce, have never been dreamt of.
For example we all see, that when we rub a steel knife with a stone, a striking fire is produced, when sparks are thus struck with sufficient force and caught on a sheet of white paper. And when we observe carefully we will see small pellets of steel lying there, which have been detached in a state of fusion from the steel’s surface by the smart collision with the stone, and have fallen in an incandescent state, like small fire balls.
But do we really think that how this friction between steel and stone can can produce such a degree of heat so as to fuse steel into little balls? Does not it require 3000 DEGREE FARENHEIT’S temperature in order to melt steel? Not out of the air, for this phenomenon takes place just as well in the vacuum of the air-pump! Therefore it must have come from the substances that are rubbed together.
But do really lay man believe that the cold steel he has in his pocket, contains such a inexhaustible store of calorie, in which the blow only develops when it wakes into activity? No! they does not believe it.
Dr. Hahnemann ,in his Lesser writings says; “An inexhaustible store of caloric, I repeat, which is not calculable by the cyphers of any of those arithmeticians who seek to limit nature and render her contemptible, by applying their multiplication table to the phenomena of her illimitable forces. The great natural philosopher, Count Rumford, teaches us how to heat our rooms solely by the rapid motion of two plates of metal rubbing against on e another, without the employment of any ordinary combustible material whatever. No further proof is required to convince the reflective that natural bodies, and especially metals, contain an inexhaustible store of caloric concealed within them, which however can be called into life only by means of friction.”
So we saw the fact, which had till now escaped our observations that how with the effect friction, the physical properties and the dynamic medicinal properties of natural substances are developed to such an incredible extent. Dr Hahnemann was the first who made this greatest discovery of all the time that the properties of crude medicinal substances gain , when they are fluid by repeated SUCCUSSIONS with unmedicinal fluids, and when they are dried by means of TRITURATION with unmedicinal powder, that when these processes are carried very far, even substances in which for centuries no medicinal power has been observed in their crude state, display under this manipulation a power of acting on the health of man that is quite astonishing.
Thus, in the similar manner pure Gold, Silver, Platinum may have no medicinal action on human beings in solid state. These substances are actually in state of suspended animation, as far as regards their medicinal action. But if these substances are triturated, they will show considerable amount of medicinal powers. And if further the process of trituration is continued, the last attenuation will not be weaker, but on the contrary, it will display more and more medicinal powers than the whole of attenuations.
From this we perceive that the preparation of medicines by trituration, the more the trituration, the more will be the development of their power, so in such a way they become more and more capable of answering the homoeopathic purpose in proportionately smaller quantities and doses.
In the same way liquid medicines so not become weaker and weaker by further attenuations, but more and more powerful with each further attenuations; the more potent and penetrating. Thus trituration and succussion does actual exaltation of the medicinal power. This is the real spiritualization of the dynamic powers, a true, astonishing unveiling and vivifying of the medicinal spirit.
“For the same reason the effect of homoeopathic dose of medicine increases, the greater the quantity of fluid in which it is dissolved when administered to the patient, although the actual amount of medicine it contains remains the same. For in this case, when the medicine is taken, it comes in contact with a much larger surface of sensitive nerves responsive to the medicinal action. Although theorists may imagine there should be a weakening of the action of a dose of medicine by its dilution with a large quantity of liquid, experience asserts exactly the opposite, at all events when the medicines are employed homoeopathically.”
(PARAGHAPH 286, ORGANON OF MEDICINE, 5TH EDITION)
For a scientific establishment of the curative power and efficiencies of high potencies, we cite the well established law of nature, discovered by Maupertuis and mathematically proved by him; this we, the homoeopaths, apply to therapy. This is the law of least effects; i.e. “the quantity of action necessary to produce any change in nature is the smallest that is possible.” This law of effects (minimis maxima) appears therefore to be essential and necessary complement to the law of homoeopathy (similia similibus) and to occupy similar place with it.