Natural Order: composite
Botanical name : Grindelia camporum
Specific epithet: robusta
Common names– Wild Sunflower, Gum plant, Rosin-wood.
English – Gum plant ;
Distribution – South western USA.
Perennial herb with stout, smooth, pale stem; leaves rigid, broadly cordate-oblong; achenes all or some of the outer 1-toothed or bordered at the summit.
Part used for homoeopathic preparations : Leaves and flowering tops.
Stem: smooth, often 50 cm in length and upto 2 mm in diameter, yellow, subcylindrical.
Leaves: Pale green, alternate 3-6cm long, oblong or spathulate with serrate margin and acute apex, rigid, brittle, sessile or amplexicaul and have a glabrous, minutely dotted surface. Capitula upto 2 cm in diameter, yellow, hard and resinous with four or five rows of lanceolate-acuminate, imbricate, within which a single row of yellow, ligulate florets and a central group of tabular, disc florets; each of the ovaries or compressed fruits bifurcate at the summit and crowned by a pappus, consisting of one or two stiff, thick bristles. All parts are more or less covered with resin, especially the capitula. odour slight; taste balsamic.1
Isobilateral structures of the leaves; the muticellular, sessile, broadly ovoid, glandular trichomes,45-100 m in diameter, occurring in depression in the epidermis, and containing minute calcium oxalate rosettes in the epithelial cells; the numerous lignified best fibres and small vessels and pollen grains.
Herbal– The terminal heads of yellow flowers and leaves are usually covered with a viscid balsamic are usually covered with a viscid balsamic secretions, after which they have been called “gum plants”1
History and Authority
Proved and introduced by Bundy and Hale.1
Dr. Hughes Richard in his book “The Principles and Practice of Homoeopathy” said, “I always commence the treatment of Asthma with Nux vomica, Arsenic album, Blatta orientalis, Grindelia robusta, Naja tripudians, Natrum sulphuricum which very soon diminishes the intensity and frequency of attacks of Asthma”. Blatta orientalis, Grindelia robusta, Naja tripudians, Natrum sulphuricum had gained praise as anti-Asthmatic drugs.
The classical approach to the problem is to individualize each person, take a complete picture of diseased person and give him the similimum which comes out from ocean of well proved medicines. Polychrest medicines come up frequently in repertorization as they are rich in symptoms and have been proved beneficial when used clinically.
But, there are other remedies which are lesser known medicine rich in therapeutic values and respond to specific problems.
The infrequent use of lesser known medicine is due to lack of awareness about most of the medicines, “Our eyes sees what our brain knows”, unless we know something about a medicine, it is impossible for us to think about it when a case calls for it. Secondly, lack of clinical experience with the particular medicine raises doubt about its effectiveness thus low confidence in using these medicines in general practice. Thirdly, is the unavailability of lesser known medicines in the pharmacies making the practitioner handicap. Many of the small medicines or lesser known medicines in our vast Materia medica lies in cold storage because these haven’t been used once by profession.
SYMPTOMATOLOGY OF GRINDELIA ROBUSTA ABOUT ASTHMA
- Produces paresis of the pneumogastric nerve, interfering with respiration and producing profuse secretion in bronchial tubes. 2,3,4
- Asthma with tough, whitish, mucus expectoration. Tough, mucopurulent expectoration, which gives relief.2,4,5
- Stops breathing when falling asleep, wakes with a start and gasps for breath must sit up to breathe, can not breathe when lying down. 2,3,6,7
- Whooping cough with profuse mucus secretion. 2, 8
- Rales are disseminated with foamy mucus,very difficult to detach. sibilant rales. 2,4,7,8
- Cheyne-stokes respiration. 2,8
- Weak heart and respiration. 2,7
- It is mostly indicated in humidAsthma3,4
- Cardiac affections accompanied with thick, green or yellow expectoration like pus. 106 9
- Act first on the optic nerve, and in a little time influence the par vagum and interrupt respiration. The disturbed respiration prevents sleep. The moment the prover fell asleep respiration ceased, and it would not resume until awakened by the suffocation that resulted from the suspension of respiration. A fear of going to sleep on account of loss of breath, which awakes him 4,10
- Nervous Asthma, inhalation easy, expiration difficult.7,11
RUBRICS OF GRINDELIA ROBUSTA FROM SYNTHESIS REPERTORY
RESPIRATION – ARRESTED – sleep – during – agg. GRIN.
RESPIRATION – ARRESTED – sleep – going to sleep; on – agg.GRIN.
RESPIRATION – ASTHMATIC :grin.
RESPIRATION – ASTHMATIC – morning: grin
RESPIRATION – ASTHMATIC – morning grin.
RESPIRATION – ASTHMATIC – night – lying agg.Grin.
RESPIRATION –ASTHMATIC-accompanied by-Stomach–hyperchlorhydria of grin.
RESPIRATION – ASTHMATIC – expectoration – amel. grin.
RESPIRATION – ASTHMATIC – heart – complaints; from heart grin.
RESPIRATION – ASTHMATIC – nervous grin.
RESPIRATION – ASTHMATIC – sleep – after – agg. grin.
RESPIRATION – ASTHMATIC – sleep – falling asleep agg.Grin.
RESPIRATION – COMPLAINTS of respiration grin..
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT Grin.
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT – accompanied by – Stomach – congestion grin.
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT – emphysema, in grin.
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT – expectoration – amel. Grin.
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT – lying – agg. grin.
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT – lying down agg.grin.
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT – open – doors and windows open; wants grin.
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT – sleep – during – agg.Grin.
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT – sleep – falling asleep; when GRIN.
RESPIRATION – DIFFICULT – waking; on GRIN.
RESPIRATION – EXPECTORATION; after – amel.grin.
RESPIRATION – HYPERVENTILATION grin.
RESPIRATION – IRREGULAR – slow, at another time hurried; at one time grin.
RESPIRATION – PANTING grin.
RESPIRATION – RATTLING grin.
RESPIRATION – SLEEP – falling asleep; when – agg. Grin
RESPIRATION – SUFFOCATION; attacks of Grin.
- Grindelia Robusta. Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India (H.P.I.). New Delhi: Ministry of health & family welfare Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy;2000;volume IX . p.913-914.
- Murphy R. Homoeopathic remedy guide. 7th New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers(p) Ltd; 1995.p-765.
- Choudhary NM. A study on Materia medica. Reprint ed. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers(p) Ltd;1995 p460.
- Hering C. The Guiding Symptoms of our Materia Medica 5 Reprint ed. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers(p) Ltd;1995. p 485-487.
- Blackwood AL. A Manual of Materia Medica Therapeutics & Pharmacology with clinical index. Reprint ed. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers(p) Ltd;1995.p 353-354.
- Cowperthwaite AC. A text book of Materia Medica & Therapeutics. Reprint ed. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers(p) Ltd; 1984.p 882.
- Lilianthal S. Homoeopathic therapeutics. Reprint ed. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers(p) Ltd;1996.p 58.
- Boericke W. Pocket Manual of Homoeopathic Materia Medica with Indian medicine and Repertory.9thNew Delhi:Indian Books & Periodicals Publishers;2008.
- Gaskin A. Comparative study on Kent’s material medica. Reprint ed. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers(p) Ltd;1995.p102.
- Hale EM. Special symptomatology of new remedies vol I Reprint ed. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers(p) Ltd;1995.p 695.
- Nash EB. Nash Expended work. Reprint ed. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers(p) Ltd;2002.p 360.