Homeopathy as a complementary and alternative medicine has a promising role to play in Veterinary medicine. So far, about 290 studies on animals have been conducted across the world, out of which 44 studies are peer reviewed Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT), thereby showing plausibility of science even foranimals.Many homeopathic medicines have been indicated in commonly seen diseases as well asfor particular diseases which are specific to animals.
Keywords:Homeopathy,Animals,Aconite napellus,Arsenicum album.
INTRODUCTION: Animals respond to homeopathic medicines in much the same way as people do. There are many similarities between animal and human health problems and there are some important differences however, it is not a problem for homeopathicmedicine prescriber, as the choice of remedy is based uponpresented1symptoms.
Homeopathy is a system of curing all curable diseases,whether in humans or animals, by agency of small doses of medicines. When these medicines are exhibited in large and repeated doses, they are capable of producing in a healthy body, symptoms similar to those produced by the disease in a sick body, in brief this principle isexpressed as similia similibus curantur i.e. like is cured by like. The International Association for Veterinary Homeopathy (IAVH) was formed in 1986 in Luxembourg. Department of AYUSH, Government of India and Veterinary Council of India has taken keen interest for development of Homeopathy.2
Mr Haycock, a distinguished veterinary surgeon, who is well acquainted with the old and new systems of medicines, says of Homeopathy “it cures disease more quickly;it does so without leaving any injurious effect upon the constitutional powers; it saves more animals and costs less.”3
Many researches have been started in the field of veterinary with homeopathicinterventions. By the end of 2013, the total number of peer-reviewed RCTs had risen to 44. Nineteen RCTs were placebo controlled while remaining 25 were controlled by another comparator.4
Following are a few commonly prescribed medicines in commonly seen diseases in animals.1
COUGH AND CORYZA-Aconite,allium.arsenic,nat mur,kali bi,merc,ant tart,drosera,phos.
DIARRHOEA AND VOMITING-Aconite,arsenicum,ipecac,phos,puls,nuxvomica,Veratrum.
JOINT PAIN AND ARTHRITIS-Bell,rhus tox,bryonia,silicea.
SKIN PROBLEMS-Sulph,arsenic, hepar sulph,rhus tox,sepia,kali sulph,graph.
PREGNANCY–Arnica,calc phos,Caulophyllum,calc carb.
RESULTS:The scientific report and research on scope of the homeopathic medicine in veterinary science was performed from the year 1998 to 2011, with the help of government veterinary officers of Panchmahal, Dahod and veterinary doctors of Panchamrut dairy and Amul dairy. Therapeutic trials usinghomeopathic medicines for certain diseases of animals were carried out,showing excellent results and without any side effects. These results demonstrated that homeopathic medicine were fast inusefulness andwere also cost effective, ascompared to other medicines. In particular, for milk producing animals homeopathic medicines’ advantage of being side effects freeis beneficial for human beings. Thereforehomeopathic treatment protects health of both animals and human beings. Aim of this studyis to spread awareness about Homeopathy and to show how Homeopathy is equally beneficial for veterinary health problems while treating hollistically2treating animals.
Table 01-Classification of diseases in various animals with indicated medicines3
|Names of Animals||Name of Diseases||Indicated Medicines|
|Cattarrh||Nux vomica, Mercurissolubilis,Bryonia|
|Inflammation of lungs||Aconite,Belladona,Bryonia,Phosphorus.|
|Distempered(short dry cough with loss of appetite,flesh,strength and spirit)||Aconite,Nux vomica,Mercurius Vivus,Belladona,Rhus tox,Arsenicum album, Sulphur|
|Colic||Aconite,Arsenicum album,Nux vomica|
|Chancre of the ear||Arsenicum album,Hepar sulph,Mercurius vivus,Carbo veg.|
DISEASES OF SWINE
|Cattarrh||Nux vomica,Mercurius vivus|
|Inflammation of lungs||Aconite,Arsenic,Belladona,Hepar sulph,Spongia|
|Inflammation of stomach||Aconite,Arsenic,Pulsatilla,Ipecacuhana|
|Diseases of udder||Aconite,Belladona|
|Saint Anthony’s fire||Aconite,Belladona|
|Mallanders and sellanders(scurfy eruptions occurring at forepart of the hock or back of knee)||Thuja|
|Farcy(oedematous swelling of the legs)||Aconite,Arsenic,China,Rhus tox,Thuja|
|Grease(scurfy eruptions on the heels)||Thuja,Secale cor,Arsenic,Mercurius vivus|
|Waters(excrescence,frequently appeared around the lips and eyes)||Thuja,Arsenic,Calc carb,Causticum|
|Founder(rheumatic inflammation of bones,muscles,ligaments and tendons)||Aconite,Bryonia,Veratrum album,Arsenic,Sulphur|
|Hide bound(derangement of digestive organs)||Arsenic,Ant crud,Mercurius vivus,Sulphur|
|Thrush(frog within soft and tender)||Tincture sulphuris,Phosphoric acid,Squilla,Arsenic|
|Megrines(disease caused by undue pressure of the blood)||Aconite,Arnica,Opium,Belladona,Sulphur|
|Colic or gripes||Aconite,Arsenic,Nux vomica,Chamomilla,Cantharis,Hyoscyamus,Colocynth|
|Inflammation of kidneys||Aconite,Arnica,Dulcamara,Cantharis,Mercurius vivus|
|Retention of urine||Lycopodium,Hyoscyamus,Cannabis indica|
|Abortion||Sabina,Secale cor,Pulsatilla,Arnica,China,Rhus tox|
DISEASES OF OX
|Skin diseases||Sulphur,Mercurius vivus,Arsenic,Thuja|
|Warts||Thuja,Calc carb, Arsenic|
|Swelling of head||Aconite,Belladona|
|Loss of appetite||Arsenic,Nux vomica,Pulsatilla|
|Diseases of urinary organs||Cantharis,Camphora,Nux vomica,Belladona,Pulsatilla|
|Diseases of Sheep
|Chancres or black mouth||Nitric acid,Sulphur|
|Hoven or blown(flatulence caused by overeating)||Arsenic,Colchicum,Nux vomica|
|Apoplexy caused by over-feeding||Belladona,Aconite, Nux vomica, Pulsatilla|
|Core consists of the formation of an excrescence in the gullet or Alvine passage.||Arsenicum, Mercurius, Silicea|
|Pip dryness of the tongue due to clogging of the nostrils||Spongia,Mercurius vivus|
|White comb vegetable parasite or fungus, which attacks fowls||Sulphur,Staphysagria|
|Feathering||Calcarea Carb., Chamomilla Or Hepar Sulph.|
|Gapes gasping of breath||Drosera, Dulcamara, Ignatia, Lachesis, China.|
CONCLUSION:Homeopathic medicines are found to be effective even for animals, further research needs to done to confirm findings.
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- Swayne D, Glisson J. Diseases of poultry. Ames, Iowa:Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.